Mountain passes – winter closures and road conditions

Many mountain passes in Europe have winter closures in the period between October and May – sometimes even until early June. These passes are then completely closed to all traffic. But there are also passes that are open all year round and can be passed with, for example, snow plows and studded tires or snow chains.

Especially in Norway, studded tires are common between the last weekend in October and the Easter weekend. However, the passes that are open all year round also have periodic closures, for example due to heavy snowfall. For all mountain passes it is necessary to have snow chains in the car and you must know how to use them.

Updated: May 11, 14:45 cet

Almost all mountain passes in Austria are open, including the famous Grossglockner mountain road.
The southern-French Alps are also rapidly opening a lot of the mountain passes, but in the northern Alps more are closed.

This is expected to change soon, as there is a lot of heat being build up over central Europe in the coming days, with freezing levels well above 3500 meters. These high temperatures, combined with humid air and an abundant sunshine will rapidly melt the snow.

You can find the list of current openings and closures here:

Mountain pass nameAltitude (meters asl)CountryConditions
Albulapass2312SwitzerlandOpen
Berninapass2328SwitzerlandOpen
Col de la Croix1778SwitzerlandOpen
Col des Montets1461SwitzerlandOpen
Flüelapass2383SwitzerlandOpen
Col de la Forclaz1527SwitzerlandOpen
Furkapass2436SwitzerlandClosed, opening June 10
Glaubenbergpass1543SwitzerlandOpen
Glaubenbielenpass1611SwitzerlandClosed
Gotthardpass2108SwitzerlandClosed, opening May 26
Grimselpass2165SwitzerlandClosed, opening end May
Grosser Sankt Bernhardpas (Grand Saint Bernard)2473SwitzerlandClosed
Ibergegg1406SwitzerlandOpen
Julierpass2284SwitzerlandOpen
Klausenpass1940SwitzerlandOpen
Livignopass2330SwitzerlandClosed, opening June 6
Lukmanierpass1941SwitzerlandOpen
Malojapass1815SwitzerlandOpen
Nufenenpass2478SwitzerlandClosed
Oberalppass2045SwitzerlandOpen
Ofenpass2149SwitzerlandOpen
Pragelpass1550SwitzerlandClosed
San Bernardinopass2066SwitzerlandOpen
Simplonpass2005SwitzerlandOpen
Splügenpass2118SwitzerlandOpen
Sustenpass2224SwitzerlandClosed, opening June 24
Umbrailpass2503SwitzerlandClosed, opening end of May/ early June
Col d'Agnel2746FranceClosed, opening end of May
Col d'Aravis1498FranceOpen
Bataille1336FranceOpen
Cayolle2356FranceOpen
Champs2095FranceOpen
Col d'Allos2250FranceOpen
Col de la Bonette2802FranceOpen
Col de l'Iseran2770FranceClosed
Col du Galibier2645FranceClosed
Colombiere1613FranceClosed
Cormet de Roselend1968FranceClosed
Croix-de-Fer2068FranceClosed
Echelle1766 FranceOpen
Glandon1924FranceClosed
Izoard2360FranceOpen
Joux-plane1713FranceOpen
Joux-Verte1760FranceClosed
Petit Saint Bernard2188FranceClosed
Larche1991FranceOpen
Lautaret2058FranceOpen
Lombarde2350FranceClosed
Madeleine1993FranceClosed
Mont-Cenis2081FranceOpen
Col des Montets1461FranceOpen
Restefond2678France Open
Saisies1633FranceOpen
Télégraphe1570FranceOpen
Tende1871FranceClosed
Turini1607FranceOpen
Vars2109FranceOpen
Campolongo1875ItalyOpen
Falzaregopass2105ItalyOpen
Grödnerjoch2121ItalyOpen - trailers not allowed
Gampenpass / Gampenjoch1518ItalyOpen
Jaufenpass2094ItalyClosed at night (18:00-08:00). No trailers >4,5m allowed
Kreuzbergpass1636ItalyOpen
Karerpass1745ItalyOpen
Lavazéjoch1805ItalyOpen
Mendelpass1362ItalyOpen
Nigerpass1688ItalyOpen
Penserjoch2211ItalyOpen
Pordoijoch2239ItalyOpen
Stilfserjoch / Stelvio pass2757ItalyClosed
Staller Sattel2052ItalyClosed
Sellajoch2240ItalyOpen - trailers not allowed
Timmelsjoch2474ItalyClosed
Valparolapass2192ItalyOpen
Würzjoch1987ItalyOpen
Arlbergpass1793AustriaOpen
Brennerpass1374AustriaOpen
Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse2506AustriaOpen
Hahntennjoch1894AustriaClosed
Kaunertaler Gletscherstrasse2052AustriaOpen
Kuhtai2020AustriaOpen
Maltatal Hochalmstrasse1931AustriaOpen
Nockalmstrasse2040AustriaOpen
Silvretta Hochalpenstrasse2036AustriaClosed

Laat een reactie achter